Crypto Tax Free Countries for 2024

Zac McClure
ByZac McClure, MBAReviewed byTynisa (Ty) Gaines, EAUpdated on January 3, 2024 · minute read
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  • Crypto is taxed differently around the world, and there are numerous crypto tax-free countries that have more lenient policies for those who choose to relocate, with variables in each country and territory.

  • American taxpayers should know the United States taxes its citizens wherever they reside, and renouncing citizenship is no small matter. 

What if you could buy, mine, and trade crypto completely tax-free? For many taxpayers, this is the reality as they reside in one of a number of countries with no crypto tax. 

Laws on cryptocurrency taxes are relatively new. The IRS released their first cryptocurrency tax ordinance in 2014, which classified crypto as a taxable property. Many crypto holders naturally look for ways to reduce their taxes on crypto earnings.

Crypto is taxed differently around the world, and there are plenty of crypto tax-free countries that have more lenient policies for those who choose to relocate. American citizens must be mindful, however, that the United States taxes its citizens wherever they reside, and renouncing citizenship is no small matter. 

Crypto traders naturally wonder which countries are crypto tax-free. In this article, we’ve compiled a list of some of the best and worst countries for crypto tax regulations.

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16 best crypto tax free countries

Which countries are crypto tax-free? Here’s a helpful list of countries with no crypto tax throughout the world, with some variables and a recent major change for Portugal.

Crypto moves fast, and so does crypto regulation, so be sure to check specific country’s regulations and with a tax professional for the most current information concerning crypto tax-free countries.


Until January 1, 2025, cryptocurrencies in Belarus enjoy exemptions from capital gains, income tax, and VAT for both businesses and individuals. The initial legislation granting tax relief to cryptocurrencies was enacted in 2018, and although initially slated to conclude in 2023, President Alexander Lukashenko extended these tax privileges for crypto investors and businesses, pushing the expiration date to 2025.


Bermuda has no capital gains or income tax of any kind. However, the cost of living is notoriously high. If you choose to relocate to Bermuda and you buy land or rent for longer than three years, you might be subjected to a land tax. Interestingly as of 2019, Bermudan taxes you incur there can be paid with USD Coin.

British Virgin Islands

The British Virgin Islands have a neutral tax policy for capital gains, corporate, income, and withholding taxes. At the time of writing, this includes crypto, which means there are no specific taxes on cryptocurrency in the British Virgin Islands. 

Cayman Islands

The Cayman Islands have been a tax haven for U.S. investors and businesses for quite some time. At the time of writing, the Cayman Islands have no income or capital gains tax whatsoever, making it ideal for crypto investors.

However, relocating and living in the Cayman Islands can be quite expensive. A 22-26% import tax is applied to most goods imported into the country.

El Salvador

Noted for pioneering Bitcoin adoption as an official currency, El Salvador made strides in 2023 by eliminating all taxes associated with "technological innovation." This includes income tax, capital gains tax, and property tax. Consequently, earnings and capital gains derived from cryptocurrencies enjoy tax exemption.

Businesses nationwide must also accept Bitcoin as a valid means of payment for their products and services.


Georgia has very favorable crypto tax regulations both for individuals and corporations. In Georgia, individuals are exempt from any income tax on profits from crypto sales. Beyond this, because Georgia doesn’t consider crypto “Georgian sourced,” crypto is not subject to Georgian capital gains tax.

On the corporate side, for crypto that a legal entity such as an LLC holds, profits are subject to a 15% corporate tax.


Germany crypto tax regulations are remarkably friendly to long-term holders. While not completely tax-free, any crypto held for more than 12 months won’t be subjected to income tax or capital gains tax at the time of sale. Short-term investments of €600 or less are also not subjected to these taxes.

Normal income tax applies to short-term crypto sales of under 12 months of holding on earnings over €600. So Germany is a great choice for long-term crypto investors who trade strategically and hold for over a year.

Hong Kong

For taxpayers in Hong Kong, so long as an individual’s crypto activities are considered investments, no capital gains tax is applied. For corporations and crypto professionals, when digital assets are traded as a regular part of doing business, they are subject to an income tax.


Malaysia currently has no capital gains tax on crypto for individual investors. However, if you’re considered a professional (meaning you trade short-term and frequently), you may be subject to income tax on your crypto transactions.


Nicknamed “blockchain island,” Malta is one of the friendliest countries in the world to crypto investors. Malta has no long-term capital gains tax on cryptocurrency earnings, although it may subject crypto trades to an income tax.

The Maltese government looks at a number of factors when calculating income tax. This includes crypto earnings as well as your residency status. Income tax can be as low as 0-5% and maxes out at 35%.


Portugal crypto tax rules have recently changed. We’re including Portugal on this list because it was, before 2023, a famously tax-free zone for crypto. This is no longer the case as of January 1, 2023. In 2022, the Portuguese Parliament approved a specific tax regime that came into effect on January 1, 2023. Under the Portuguese Personal Income Tax Code (the “PIT Code”), income from crypto now qualifies either as capital, capital gains, or self-employment income.

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico crypto tax rules are highly favorable for bona fide residents, boasting no capital gains tax for individual investors and a 4% income tax for qualified businesses. As a territory of the United States, many U.S. citizens prefer relocating here rather than moving to a foreign country. Due to its territory status, Puerto Rican income tax is also lower than American income tax rates.

The catch is that all crypto assets must be earned and disposed of in Puerto Rico in order to avoid capital gains. If you acquired your crypto while residing in the continental United States, you’ll have to pay U.S. capital gains tax.


At time of writing, Singapore has no capital gains tax of any kind, including for crypto. This is good news for those looking to sell crypto penalty free. 

Most crypto is also exempt from income tax, unless you are considered a professional trader or receive the crypto as payment for goods and services.


At time of writing, individual residents in Slovenia are not taxed on realized capital gain from the sale or use of virtual currencies unless the activity is considered to be a professional business. There is legislation pending that may change this, so be sure to consult a professional and the Slovenian tax authorities for the latest updates here.


Switzerland is a famous tax haven, and crypto is no exception. Any crypto income or capital gains earned for individual investors are considered completely tax-free. For this reason Switzerland has become known as the “crypto valley,” a hub for crypto companies and investors. 

If you’re trading or mining crypto on a professional level however, you might be subjected to slight wealth tax anywhere from 0.5% to 0.8%. This tax applies to all assets, not just crypto. With this in mind, Switzerland can be an excellent option for those looking to relocate and get the most out of their investments.

United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates, home to the hypermodern city of Dubai, does not implement income or capital gains tax for individual investors. Do note that cost of living is high however, and goods and services are subjected to a 5% Value Added Tax (VAT). 

What are the worst countries for crypto tax?

Now that you know the best countries to buy and sell crypto in 2024, let's review a few of the worst. Far from tax havens, the following countries scrutinize crypto transactions and subject crypto gains to relatively heavy taxation.


Scandinavian countries are known for their high income tax, and Denmark is a prime example. Danish taxpayers pay an average of 45% of their income in income tax, which includes crypto earnings. In addition, only 30% of your losses can be offset by capital gains.

The Netherlands

Netherlands crypto tax is fairly unique. The Netherlands has an atypical taxation policy on not only crypto but all capital assets.  Each year, on January 1, the taxable base of a Dutch taxpaying individual's assets is reset, and a wealth tax is applied to the deemed yield on the value of assets of the prior tax year. This means crypto holders pay taxes on their holdings whether they’ve realized gains or not.


India crypto tax regulations are relatively unfavorable. All cryptocurrency capital gains and income are subjected to a hefty 30% flat tax in India. When you’ve reached a certain threshold, every time you buy crypto, a 1% tax deduction is added at source (TDS). The TDS requirement can pose logistical and accounting challenges for Indian crypto exchanges and traders.


In Spain, crypto investors can expect to pay up to 47% of their crypto income. Spain also imposes wealth taxes on residents with net worths of over €700,000, including crypto assets. In addition, Spanish taxpayers can only use 25% of capital losses to offset capital gains.

Frequently asked questions

Here are answers to some frequently asked questions around crypto tax-free countries and countries that don’t tax crypto.

Can crypto be tax-free? 

If you are residing and making money off crypto in the United States, there is no legal way to avoid paying taxes on crypto. Other countries, however, have different laws, and there are several countries that offer zero capital gains or Income tax.

How can I avoid crypto tax? 

Crypto holders naturally wonder “how can I avoid paying taxes in crypto?” If you’re a U.S. Citizen, you can’t avoid paying taxes on crypto short of renouncing citizenship and relocating. For American citizens, Puerto Rico crypto tax rules are very favorable for bona fide residents. The only other country that taxes citizens globally is Eritrea, so for nationals who aren’t Eritrean or American, a clear way to avoid crypto tax is to move to a crypto tax-free country.

Which countries have no tax for crypto?

Which countries and territories are crypto tax-free? Countries and territories with no capital gains or income tax on crypto for individuals (with some variables) include:

  • Belarus

  • Bermuda

  • British Virgin Islands

  • Cayman Islands

  • El Salvador

  • Georgia

  • Germany

  • Hong Kong

  • Malaysia

  • Malta

  • Puerto Rico

  • Singapore

  • Slovenia

  • Switzerland

  • The United Arab Emirates

For further details, see the list in this article above.

Is crypto tax-free in Switzerland?

Crypto is entirely tax-free for individual investors in Switzerland. This changes if you are considered a “professional” but the rates are low.

Is crypto still tax-free in Portugal?

The answer now is no, crypto is no longer tax-free in Portugal. In 2022, the Portuguese Parliament approved a specific tax regime that came into effect on January 1, 2023.

What country has no crypto tax?

Several countries have no crypto tax, allowing individuals to buy, mine, and trade crypto without tax implications. Some notable examples include Belarus, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, El Salvador, Georgia, Germany, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Malta, Puerto Rico, Singapore, Slovenia, Switzerland, and the United Arab Emirates.

Which country has the cheapest crypto tax?

The Cayman Islands are known for having one of the cheapest crypto tax environments. With no income or capital gains tax, it is an ideal location for crypto investors. However, it's important to consider the high cost of living and the 22-26% import tax applied to most goods imported into the country.

How do I legally avoid crypto tax?

While avoiding crypto tax is challenging for US citizens, legal options include exploring countries with favorable tax policies on crypto, such as Puerto Rico or other tax-free jurisdictions. Individuals should consider the legal implications, seek professional advice from a crypto tax expert, and work to always ensure compliance with relevant regulations.

Is Dubai crypto tax-free?

Dubai, as a part of the United Arab Emirates, has no tax of any kind on crypto for individual investors. However, individuals should be mindful of Dubai's high cost of living and note that goods and services are subjected to a 5% Value Added Tax (VAT).

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Zac McClure
Zac McClureCo-Founder & CEO at TokenTax
Zac co-founded TokenTax after his career in international finance and accounting at JPMorgan, Imprint Capital and Bain. He has worked in more than half-dozen countries and received his MBA from the UPenn Wharton School.
Tynisa (Ty) Gaines
Reviewed byTynisa (Ty) GainesTax Expert at TokenTax
Tynisa (Ty) Gaines, EA has more than 20 years of experience as a tax professional. Ty has published numerous tax articles, two tax e-books, and an academic publication on cryptocurrency for the National Income Tax Workbook.

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