Guide to Crypto Taxes in Ireland for 2024

Zac McClure
ByZac McClure, MBAReviewed byAlex MilesUpdated on May 22, 2024 · minute read
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  • Cryptocurrency in Ireland is subject to capital gains tax, with disposals exceeding €1,270 taxable at 33%. Income from crypto trading or services is taxed based on income tax rates, including the Universal Social Charge (USC).

  • Certain transactions, like buying with fiat or holding cryptocurrency, are tax-free. Reporting involves using Form CG1 or Form 12 for PAYE workers and Form 11 for self-employed individuals, with deadlines aligning with the tax year calendar.

Cryptocurrency has gained significant traction in Ireland as a mode of investment and exchange. However, navigating the complex landscape of crypto taxation is vital for compliance and financial planning. Here's an in-depth guide to understanding cryptocurrency taxation in Ireland.

Capital gains tax in Ireland

When you sell or dispose of cryptocurrency in Ireland, you become liable for capital gains tax based on the profit made from the transaction. The formula to calculate capital gains is straightforward: it's the selling price minus the acquisition cost. For instance, if you bought one Bitcoin for €10,000 and sold for €15,000, the capital gain would be €5,000.

Several events trigger capital gains tax liability in Ireland, including selling cryptocurrency, using it for purchases, trading it for other digital assets, or gifting it to others. Each of these transactions requires careful documentation and reporting to ensure compliance with tax laws.

Looking to calculate your crypto profit? Try our free crypto profit calculator.

Income tax on crypto in Ireland

Income generated from cryptocurrency activities in Ireland, such as trading, mining, or receiving it as payment, is treated as taxable income. This income is subject to standard income tax rates that range from 20-40% based on your total earnings. Additionally, the Universal Social Charge (USC) applies to incomes exceeding certain thresholds, currently set at €13,000.

Certain crypto transactions in Ireland are exempt from taxation. These include buying cryptocurrency with fiat currency, holding it in your digital wallet, transferring it between your wallets, and taking out cryptocurrency loans. While these transactions are tax-free, it's essential to maintain accurate records for future tax reporting purposes.

Tax rates in Ireland

Capital gains in Ireland are taxed at a standard rate of 33%, with the first €1,270 of gains exempt from taxation. This means that only gains exceeding this threshold are subject to tax.

Additionally, income tax rates apply to cryptocurrency earnings, with rates ranging from 20-40%, based on your total income. The Universal Social Charge (USC) is also applicable to incomes exceeding €13,000.

Strategies to reduce your Irish crypto tax burden

While cryptocurrency taxes cannot be entirely avoided, there are strategies to minimize your tax liability in Ireland. These include holding onto your cryptocurrency for the long term, utilizing capital losses to offset gains, and exploring borrowing options against your crypto assets.

Implementing these strategies can help optimize your tax position while remaining compliant with Irish tax laws. Learn more about how to reduce your crypto taxes.

Irish crypto tax government tracking and compliance

Cryptocurrency exchanges operating in Ireland must register as Virtual Asset Service Providers (VASPs) with the Central Bank. This registration enables authorities to track cryptocurrency transactions for tax compliance purposes.

Additionally, blockchain technology provides transparency, allowing tax agencies to track transactions and identify instances of tax evasion.

Determining business activity

If you engage in cryptocurrency trading as a business in Ireland, your profits are treated as income rather than capital gains. The classification of your activity as a business depends on various factors, including transaction volume, organization level, and the purpose of your crypto transactions.

Businesses are subject to different tax rates and reporting requirements compared to individual investors.

Accounting methods for crypto taxes in Ireland

The FIFO (First-In First-Out) method is commonly used to calculate capital gains on cryptocurrency disposals in Ireland. This approach presumes that the first assets purchased are the first assets sold. However, exceptions apply, especially for short-term disposals or transactions within a specific timeframe.

Learn more about crypto accounting methods, including our proprietary Minimization method, adjusts based on an individual’s tax rate to minimize crypto taxes as much as possible.

Filing deadlines for Irish crypto taxes

In Ireland, cryptocurrency taxes must be filed by October 31st following the tax year. Additionally, payments for gains made between January 1st and November 30th are due by December 15th, while gains made in December are payable by January 31st of the following year. Meeting these deadlines is crucial to avoid penalties and interest on late payments.

How different crypto transactions are taxed in Ireland

Various cryptocurrency transactions in Ireland have different tax implications. While buying cryptocurrency with fiat currency is not taxable, selling it triggers capital gains tax. Crypto-to-crypto trades, paying with cryptocurrency, and earning crypto through mining or staking are also subject to taxation.

Understanding how each transaction is taxed is essential for accurate reporting and compliance with Irish tax laws. Here’s a brief breakdown of how different crypto transactions are taxed in Ireland:

  • Buying Cryptocurrency: Not taxable but requires record-keeping.

  • Selling Cryptocurrency: Subject to capital gains tax.

  • Crypto-to-Crypto Trades: Treated as taxable events.

  • Paying with Crypto: Considered a taxable disposal, also subject to VAT.

  • Crypto Fees: Deductible as allowable expenses.

  • Crypto Losses: Can offset capital gains and be carried forward.

  • Getting Paid in Crypto: Taxable income based on fair market value.

  • Cryptocurrency Mining: Likely subject to income tax upon receipt.

  • Cryptocurrency Staking: Tax treatment unclear, likely taxed upon receipt.

  • Airdrops: Treated as income at fair market value.

  • NFTs: Taxed similarly to cryptocurrencies, subject to capital gains.

  • DeFi Transactions: Taxed based on income or capital gains.

  • Stablecoin Trades: Subject to capital gains tax.

  • Cryptocurrency Gifts: Considered taxable disposals.

When in doubt, consult a crypto tax professional for guidance.

Schedule a FREE crypto tax consultation

Reporting and record-keeping for crypto taxes in Ireland

To accurately report cryptocurrency taxes in Ireland, taxpayers can utilize Revenue Online Service (ROS) or MyAccount. Detailed record-keeping of transactions, including type, cost, date, proceeds, counterparty, and reason, is essential for compliance.

By maintaining thorough records and staying informed about crypto tax regulations, individuals can fulfill tax obligations and optimize their financial positions in crypto.

Irish crypto taxes FAQs

Here are answers to frequently asked questions about crypto taxes in Ireland.

Can the government track your crypto assets in Ireland?

Yes, cryptocurrency exchanges operating in Ireland are required to register with the Central Bank, enabling authorities to track transactions for tax compliance.

Are there tax deductions available for crypto investors in Ireland?

While Ireland does not offer specific deductions for cryptocurrency investments, costs related to acquisition or sale, such as fees or commissions, can be included in the cost basis to reduce capital gains.

How are cryptocurrency transactions reported for tax purposes in Ireland?

Taxpayers report cryptocurrency profits through annual personal income tax returns. Additional statements are required for transactions exceeding certain thresholds, such as the monthly statement of cryptocurrency operations for values over €13,000.

To stay up to date on the latest, follow TokenTax on Twitter @tokentax.

Zac McClure
Zac McClureCo-Founder & CEO at TokenTax
Zac co-founded TokenTax after his career in international finance and accounting at JPMorgan, Imprint Capital and Bain. He has worked in more than half-dozen countries and received his MBA from the UPenn Wharton School.
Alex Miles
Reviewed byAlex MilesCo-Founder at TokenTax
Prior to TokenTax, Alex worked as a Product Designer at Dropbox and before that Readmill (acquired by Dropbox). He holds a BS in Digital Information Design - Interactive Media from Winthrop University.

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