Guide to Crypto Taxes in New Zealand for 2024

Zac McClure
ByZac McClure, MBAReviewed byAlex MilesUpdated on May 22, 2024 · minute read
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  • Crypto in New Zealand is subject to Income Tax, and accurate record-keeping is crucial to remain compliant and minimize tax liabilities. The deadline to report taxes for the financial year is July 7. This means that you'll need to report crypto income, profits, or losses by July 7, 2024.

  • It's essential to report all crypto income accurately to the IRD by the deadline to avoid penalties and serious legal consequences. Any profits from crypto investments are subject to Income Tax rates ranging from 10.5% to 39%, depending on your total annual income.

Crypto taxes in New Zealand can be complicated. Knowing the current regulations is essential for any crypto investor. Here's what you need to know about how crypto is taxed in New Zealand and how to ensure compliance with the law.

Do you have to pay tax on crypto in New Zealand?

Yes, you do. The Inland Revenue Department (IRD) considers cryptocurrency as property for tax purposes, which means it is subject to Income Tax. Whether you're trading, investing, mining, or receiving crypto as income, you may be liable to pay taxes on your transactions. Understanding your tax obligations is essential to avoid penalties and even legal issues.

New Zealand crypto taxes are based on the principle of Income Tax, with rates ranging from 10.5% to 39% depending on your total annual income. This means that the more you earn from crypto transactions, the higher your tax liability will be. It's essential to keep accurate records of all your crypto activities and consult with a tax professional to ensure you're compliant with the law.

Can the IRD track crypto?

Yes, the IRD has the authority to track crypto transactions by requesting data from crypto exchanges. While some users believe crypto transactions are anonymous, most centralized exchanges require users to provide personal information, which allows tax authorities to monitor transactions.

Additionally, blockchain technology offers an immutable record of all transactions, which allows the IRD to trace crypto transactions back to individual taxpayers. As part of its efforts to crack down on crypto tax evasion, the IRD has been increasingly active in requesting data from crypto exchanges and conducting audits of crypto investors.

This means that if you've engaged in crypto transactions in New Zealand, the IRD may already have access to information about your activities. It's critical to be aware of your tax obligations and ensure you accurately report all your crypto income to avoid potential penalties or legal consequences.

How is crypto taxed in New Zealand?

New Zealand treats crypto as property for tax purposes, meaning it is subject to Income Tax when disposed of for a profit. Disposal of crypto assets includes selling crypto for fiat currency, trading crypto for other cryptocurrencies, spending crypto on goods or services, gifting crypto to others, or lending crypto. Additionally, acquiring crypto mining rewards or airdrops may also be subject to Income Tax, depending on the circumstances.

The tax treatment of crypto can be complicated, and the IRD currently provides limited guidance on how to calculate taxes on crypto transactions. However, taxpayers are generally expected to calculate their tax liability based on the fair market value of the crypto at the time of the transaction. This means keeping accurate records of crypto assets' acquisition cost and sale price and reporting any gains or losses.

New Zealand crypto tax rates

Crypto tax rates in New Zealand align with Income Tax brackets, ranging from 10.5% to 39%. This means that the tax rate you pay on your crypto income will depend on your total annual income. For example, if you earn less than $14,000 NZD per year, you'll pay a tax rate of 10.5%, while if you earn more than $180,000 NZD per year, you'll pay a tax rate of 39%.

It's essential to be aware of your tax bracket and plan your crypto transactions accordingly to minimize your tax liability. Keep in mind that crypto taxes are based on your total annual income, so any gains or losses from crypto transactions will be added to your other income when calculating your tax liability.

How to calculate crypto taxes in New Zealand

Calculating crypto taxes can be complicated, but ensuring you're accurately reporting your income to the IRD is essential. The first step is to determine the fair market value of the crypto when the transaction occurred. This can be challenging, as crypto prices can be volatile and vary between different exchanges.

Once you have the fair market value, you must calculate your capital gains or losses from the transaction. This involves subtracting the acquisition cost of the crypto from the sale price or fair market value of the crypto at the transaction time. Any gains or losses are then added to your other income for the year and taxed at your marginal Income Tax rate.

Looking to calculate your crypto profit? Try our free crypto profit calculator.

Crypto capital losses in New Zealand

While nobody likes to incur losses on their investments, crypto capital losses can actually be beneficial for tax purposes. Capital losses may be able to be used to offset capital gains, reducing your overall tax liability. For example, if you sell a cryptocurrency for a loss, you can use that loss to offset any gains you've made from other crypto transactions, reducing your taxable income.

It's essential to keep accurate records of all your crypto transactions, including any capital gains or losses, to ensure you're able to claim any losses on your tax return. This includes keeping track of the acquisition cost and sale price of the crypto, in addition to any transaction fees or other expenses.

Taxes on stolen crypto in New Zealand

If you've had crypto stolen, you may be eligible to claim a loss on your tax return. However, there are specific rules and requirements you'll need to meet to qualify for the deduction. For example, you'll need to provide evidence that the crypto was stolen and that it would have been taxable if you hadn't lost it. Additionally, any compensation or insurance payments you receive for the stolen crypto may need to be reported as income on your tax return.

It's essential to keep detailed records of any crypto thefts or losses, as well as any compensation or insurance payments you receive, to ensure you're able to accurately report them on your tax return. If you're unsure how to report stolen crypto on your tax return, consulting with a crypto tax professional for guidance is a good idea.

Is any crypto in New Zealand tax free?

While most crypto transactions are subject to Income Tax in New Zealand, there are some exceptions. For example, buying crypto with fiat currency, transferring crypto between your own wallets, holding crypto as an investment, receiving crypto as a gift or hard fork, or using crypto for personal transactions are generally tax-free.

However, it's essential to be aware of your tax obligations and ensure you're accurately reporting all your crypto income to the IRD.

When do you have to pay New Zealand crypto taxes?

The financial year in New Zealand is April 1 to March 31 of the next year. The deadline to report taxes for the financial year is July 7. This means that you'll need to report crypto income, profits, or losses by July 7, 2024.

It's essential to keep accurate records of all your crypto transactions throughout the year, including the date, type, and value of each transaction, as well as any associated expenses or fees. This will make it easier to accurately report your crypto income and ensure you comply with the law.

How do you report crypto to the IRD?

Once you have all the info from your cryptocurrency transactions, you'll be able to to the IRD using your MyIR account on the IRD website. If you're unable to do this online, you can fill out the Individual Tax Return Form (IR3) and mail it to the IRD.

To avoid potential penalties or legal consequences, you must ensure you're reporting all your crypto income accurately and honestly to the IRD. If you're unsure about how to report your crypto income, consult a crypto tax professional for guidance.

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New Zealand crypto taxes FAQs

Here are answers to frequently asked questions about crypto taxes in New Zealand.

How is cryptocurrency taxed in New Zealand?

Cryptocurrency in New Zealand is treated as property for tax purposes. Any profits from crypto investments are subject to Income Tax rates ranging from 10.5% to 39%, depending on your total annual income.

Do I have to pay taxes on crypto transactions in New Zealand?

Yes, you do. Whether you're trading, investing, mining, or receiving crypto as income, you may be liable to pay taxes on your transactions. Understanding your tax obligations is essential to avoid potential penalties or legal issues.

Can the IRD track cryptocurrency transactions?

Yes, the IRD has the authority to track cryptocurrency transactions by requesting data from crypto exchanges. It's essential to be aware of your tax obligations and ensure you're accurately reporting all your crypto income to the IRD.

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Zac McClure
Zac McClureCo-Founder & CEO at TokenTax
Zac co-founded TokenTax after his career in international finance and accounting at JPMorgan, Imprint Capital and Bain. He has worked in more than half-dozen countries and received his MBA from the UPenn Wharton School.
Alex Miles
Reviewed byAlex MilesCo-Founder at TokenTax
Prior to TokenTax, Alex worked as a Product Designer at Dropbox and before that Readmill (acquired by Dropbox). He holds a BS in Digital Information Design - Interactive Media from Winthrop University.

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