The Essential Guide to Crypto Tax in Italy for 2024

Zac McClure
ByZac McClure, MBAReviewed byTynisa (Ty) Gaines, EAUpdated on December 29, 2023 · minute read
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  • Italy updated their crypto regulations for the 2023 budget. Italy crypto tax is now 26% on all gains over €2,000. These gains are treated as “miscellaneous income” for tax purposes.

  • Italy offers an alternative “substitute value tax” for crypto taxes in Italy, through which Italian taxpayers can declare the value of their digital asset holdings as of January 1 each year and pay a 14% tax rate.

Do you pay cryptocurrency taxes in Italy?

Yes, Italy subjects cryptocurrency to taxes. The Agenzia Entrate, Italy’s tax authority, has provided limited guidance on the matter, but crypto may be subject to either capital gains or income tax, depending on the nature of your transactions.

What are the crypto tax rates in Italy?

Per the 2023 budget announcement, Italian crypto taxpayers pay 26% taxes on all gains over €2,000. This is a significant change, as prior to 2023 this 26% capital gains tax applied only if your cryptocurrency portfolio’s total value exceeded €51,645.69 for more than seven consecutive days during the financial year. 

There is also an option for a “substitute value tax,” through which Italian taxpayers can declare the value of their digital asset holdings as of January 1 each year and pay a 14% tax rate.

Italy may also subject you to income tax on crypto income earnings at a rate of 23% to 43%.

How is crypto taxed in Italy?

In December of 2022, Italy approved new tax rules on crypto gains. Now Italian taxpayers will pay 26% on crypto gains whenever they have more than €2,000 in gains. In the new law, income from crypto is considered “miscellaneous income” instead of being assimilated to capital gains obtained with foreign currencies as it did previously. These new rules also allow you to deduct losses from crypto over €2,000 EUR to offset profits, and carry losses forward.

In addition, there is an option in this new bill for a “substitute value tax,” through which Italian taxpayers can declare the value of their digital asset holdings as of January 1 each year and pay a 14% tax on holdings at that time. This incentivizes taxpayers to declare crypto on their tax returns.

The Agenzia Entrate has yet to release specific guidance for a number of crypto transaction types, including mining and staking. Despite lack of guidance, it’s unlikely these are exempt from tax. Read further for clarification, and when in doubt, our experts at TokenTax are available to assist.

Earnings under €2,000 EUR

Gains from crypto under €2,000 are not subject to Italy crypto tax. Prior to this adjustment, Italian crypto investors only paid tax on gains if their crypto balance exceeded €51,645.69 for more than seven consecutive days during the entire financial year.

Short-term trades when profits exceed €2,000 EUR

Italy does not distinguish between short- and long-term profits from crypto. Whether you hold your crypto for a month or a year will not impact your Italian tax liabilities.

Long-term crypto trades

Italian taxpayers may be motivated to hold their crypto longer to benefit from the “substitute income tax” on 14% of the value of the assets held as of January 1, of next year, rather than the cost at the time of purchase.

Bitcoin mining

Italy has not offered specific guidance on taxes around crypto received from mining. It’s likely no tax event takes place at the time the individual receives the cryptocurrencies. When individuals sell their mined crypto, they should likely report this as general income.

If the mining is considered a “business activity,” the sale of the crypto received may be subject to the Italian individual business income tax regime, which means gains on the sale of cryptocurrencies would be subject to the applicable progressive rates from 23% - 43%.

While there is no official interpretation for Italian corporate taxpayers, mined cryptocurrencies are likely subject to 24% corporate tax on their market value upon receipt.

Crypto staking and lending

As with mining, the Agenzia Entrate has not clarified how cryptocurrency staking rewards or yield from lending are taxed. Treating such income as general income (similar to mining) in your personal tax return is recommended.

How do you report crypto tax in Italy?

Agenzia Entrate has yet to give clear instructions regarding record-keeping for crypto transactions. The announcement of a change to crypto gains tax in the 2023 budget suggests crypto is a focus, and investors need to keep thorough records in the event of an audit. 

We suggest you keep the following crypto records:

  • Transaction dates

  • The crypto involved in your transactions

  • Cryptocurrencies involved in transaction(s)

  • Type of transaction

  • The amounts involved

  • The value of your transactions in EUR

  • The gain or loss from transactions

Per the 2023 budget announcement, Italy crypto taxpayers pay 26% taxes on all gains over €2,000, so if you have gains larger than €2,000 during the tax year, you must be prepared to report accordingly.

Crypto tax filing forms in Italy at a glance

Italian taxpayers need to use one of two forms, with different deadlines, depending on the nature of their income: Form Modello Redditi PF or Form Modello 730.

  • Modello 730: This form is for those with employment income, credits, or deductions to declare or claim. The deadline is September 30 of the following year.

  • Modello Redditi PF: The Modello Redditi PF is for those reporting employment income, tax withheld, capital gains (with supplementary Form RT), or foreign income and assets (with supplementary Form RW). The deadline to file the Modello Redditi and Form RT for capital gains is November 30 of the following year.

The Modello Redditi PF is the applicable form for crypto holders declaring gains from crypto.

Crypto as payment for goods and services

Spending crypto on goods or services triggers a taxable event and subjects you to the usual Italy crypto tax implications. 

For example, if you purchase €10,000 ETH and it appreciates to €20,000, which you then use to purchase a vehicle, you would trigger €10,000 in gains and be subject to crypto taxes on that amount.

Utility tokens

Agenzia Entrate has not given specific guidance around utility tokens. It’s recommended to treat income from the use of utility tokens as general income (similar to mining) in your personal tax return.

The issuance of ICOs in the form of utility tokens likely does not constitute a taxable event. Corporate income tax would be due on income deriving from the supply of goods or services related to the token for the token issuer.

Crypto losses

According to the new Italy crypto tax rules, losses of over €2,000 from crypto investments can now be deducted from profits and be carried forward for up to five years. This means it may be possible to use a crypto loss harvesting strategy to lower your taxes due year over year.

Italian income tax brackets

Italian income tax is comprised of three different taxes: municipal, regional, and national. The national income tax makes up most of the total tax that Italian taxpayers must pay on their income. Here are the 2023 income tax brackets for individual Italian taxpayers.

Tax (%)Tax Base (EUR)
23%€0 - €15,000
25%€15,001 - €28,000
35%€28,001 - €50,000
43%€50,001 and over

Note most gains from crypto in Italy are considered “miscellaneous income” and subject to a flat 26% Italy crypto tax on all gains over €2,000. Italian taxpayers may also declare the value of their digital asset holdings as of January 1 each year and pay a 14% tax rate.

Accounting methods for crypto tax in Italy

Last in, First out (LIFO) applies to cryptocurrency transactions in Italy. With last-in first-out, the most recent coins you acquire become the first coins you sell.

LIFO example

  • Erin buys 10 LINK when it is trading for $40 ($400).

  • She buys another 10 LINK when it is trading for $150 ($1,500).

  • She buys another 10 LINK when it is trading for $80 ($800).

  • She sells 10 LINK when it is trading for $300 ($3,000).

  • With LIFO accounting, Erin would set her cost basis for the sale as $800 (10 X $80) because she acquired assets at that price last. $3,000 - $800 = $2,200 of capital gains.

Tips for tax free crypto in Italy

There are several ways to reduce your crypto tax obligations in Italy.

  • Hold your crypto and wait to sell. If you don’t sell, you aren’t subject to gains.

  • Losses of over €2,000 from crypto investments can be deducted from profits and be carried forward for up to five years.

  • Make a tax-deductible donation. Individual and corporate donors may deduct contributions from their income tax in the amount of 10% of their declared income, up to a maximum of €70,000 per tax year.

  • Leverage the “substitute income tax” on 14% of the value of the assets held as of January 1 of next year rather than the cost at the time of purchase. This option exists to encourage taxpayers to report crypto on their taxes.

Crypto taxes calculators or software to help calculate crypto taxes in Italy

If you need assistance calculating your Italian crypto taxes, look to TokenTax, a comprehensive crypto tax calculation software platform, and a full-service crypto tax accounting firm.

With our tools at TokenTax, when it’s time to calculate crypto taxes in Italy, you simply import data from every crypto exchange, blockchain, protocol, and wallet and sync your transactions via API or upload them in a supported CSV format. 

TokenTax takes the challenges out of your crypto tax Italy filing and guarantees accuracy and thoroughness. And if you have any questions at all about your Italy crypto tax, our crypto tax experts will be happy to assist.

Schedule a FREE crypto tax consultation

Crypto taxes for businesses

Gains on the sale of cryptocurrencies should be included in the taxable base for Italian corporate income tax purposes. Any tax loss may be offset against gains realized in the same year. If losses exceed gains, they may be carried forward in subsequent years, subject to a limit of 80% of the related income.

Italian corporate entities are subject to a corporate income tax, known as imposta sul reddito sulle società (IRES) as well as regional production tax, known as imposta regionale sulle attività produttive (IRAP). The rates are:

  • 24% for IRES

  • 3.9% for IRAP

If a business engages in the creation of NFTs, no taxes are due upon creation. Any costs to create NFTs should be included in the creator's taxable basis.

Frequently asked questions

Here are answers to some frequently asked questions about crypto taxes in Italy.

When will you pay tax on crypto in Italy?

In principle, crypto taxes in Italy are paid through the individual’s tax return using a “self-assessment” method:

  • Two advance payments (June 30 and November 30 of the current year).

  • One final tax balance (June 30 of the following year).

Amounts due are as follows:

  • First advance payment = (100% of the income tax balance of the previous year) x 40%.

  • Second advance payment = (100% of the income tax balance of the previous year) x 60%.

  • Balance = Actual income tax - Advance payments.

When is the tax deadline in Italy?

If filing Form Modello 730, the deadline is September 30 of the following year. If filing Form Modello Redditi PF, the deadline is November 30 of the following year.

What happens if I don't file my cryptocurrency taxes in Italy?

Failure to file crypto taxes in Italy will result in penalties, either a fixed sum or a percentage (related to the avoided or evaded tax), ranging from 120% to 240% percent of the amount of unpaid tax. 

Is cryptocurrency legal in Italy?

Yes, crypto is legal in Italy.

Where can I find the Italian cryptocurrency regulation?

The Italian Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF) oversees crypto tax regulations.

Is crypto regulated in Italy?

Yes, cryptocurrency is legal and regulated in Italy. The Italian Ministry of Economy and Finance oversees cryptocurrency regulations in the country.

How is crypto taxed in the EU?

Cryptocurrency taxation in the European Union varies by country, as each member state has its own tax regulations. In Italy, crypto is subject to either capital gains or income tax, depending on the nature of transactions.

What is the capital gains tax in Italy?

As of the 2023 budget announcement, Italy imposes a 26% capital gains tax on cryptocurrency gains exceeding €2,000. Italian taxpayers may also opt to declare the value of their digital asset holdings as of January 1 and pay a 14% tax rate.

Do I need to pay tax for cryptocurrency?

Yes, cryptocurrency in Italy is subject to taxation. Depending on factors such as gains, losses, and the nature of transactions, individuals may be liable for either capital gains tax or income tax on their cryptocurrency activities. It is essential to comply with Italian tax regulations and report accordingly.

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Zac McClure
Zac McClureCo-Founder & CEO at TokenTax
Zac co-founded TokenTax after his career in international finance and accounting at JPMorgan, Imprint Capital and Bain. He has worked in more than half-dozen countries and received his MBA from the UPenn Wharton School.
Tynisa (Ty) Gaines
Reviewed byTynisa (Ty) GainesTax Expert at TokenTax
Tynisa (Ty) Gaines, EA has more than 20 years of experience as a tax professional. Ty has published numerous tax articles, two tax e-books, and an academic publication on cryptocurrency for the National Income Tax Workbook.

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