Bitcoin Halving Dates: Bitcoin Halving 2024

Zac McClure
ByZac McClure, MBAReviewed byArthur Teller, CPAUpdated on May 20, 2024 · minute read
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  • Bitcoin interest has surged in 2024, fueled by Bitcoin ETFs. By March, Bitcoin had soared past the $73,000 mark, a record high driven by unprecedented inflows into Bitcoin ETFs. This rally highlights the notable market movements often triggered by halving events.

  • Bitcoin halving is a rule for Bitcoin that reduces the rate of new Bitcoin entering the market roughly every four years. This process is expected to continue until the year 2140 when the maximum supply of 21 million Bitcoins will be reached. The next Bitcoin halving is expected in April of 2024.

What is Bitcoin halving? 

If you’ve been in crypto long, you’ve probably heard the phrase “Bitcoin halving.”  Typically it comes up in relation to price action in the broader crypto market.

The Bitcoin code has a fundamental rule of a maximum of 21 million coins. Introducing fresh Bitcoin into circulation occurs through crypto mining, wherein miners undertake the responsibility of upholding and safeguarding the Bitcoin ledger and receive newly minted Bitcoin as their reward.

Roughly every four years, a mining reward halving takes place, leading to a reduction in the rate of new Bitcoin entering the market. This process is expected to continue until the year 2140, when the final Bitcoin is mined, and no further supply is created. So, when is the next Bitcoin halving?

When in 2024 is the next Bitcoin halving?

Based on Bitcoin's average block generation time of 10 minutes, the projected date for the 2024 Bitcoin halving event is now April 21.

When this happens, the reward for miners on the network will decrease from 6.25 BTC to 3.125 BTC per block. You can follow the countdown to the 2024 Bitcoin halving at CoinGecko.

Market anticipation for the 2024 halving

2024 has seen a surge in Bitcoin interest, particularly with the influx of investments into Bitcoin ETFs, signaling strong market anticipation. As of March 2024, Bitcoin reached new heights, surpassing the $73,000 mark, driven by record Bitcoin ETF inflows. This rally underscores the significant market movements typically associated with halving events.

Although it's impossible to predict price action, historical data suggest these events not only trigger initial price increases but also introduce increased volatility and subsequent "crypto winters." Ultimately the market will decide whether Bitcoin rallies to new highs after the 2024 Bitcoin halving.

Upcoming Bitcoin halving dates

Here is an estimate of upcoming Bitcoin halving dates.

Halving Number DateBlock NumberBlock Reward% BTC Mined
4th halvingApril 26th, 2024840,0003.125 BTC96.875%
5th halvingapproximately 20281,050,0001.5625 BTC98.4375%
6th halvingapproximately 20321,260,0000.78125 BTC99.21875%
7th halvingapproximately 20361,470,0000.390625 BTC99.609375%
8th halvingapproximately 20401,680,0000.1953125 BTC99.8046875%

Past Bitcoin halving events

Here’s a breakdown of the past Bitcoin halving events, from the first in 2012 through to the most recent halving in 2020.

Halving NumberDateBlock NumberBlock Reward% BTC MinedPrice of BTC on Halving Day (USD)
0 (Launch)January 3rd, 20090 (Genesis Block)50 BTC50%N/A
1st halvingNovember 28th, 2012210,00025 BTC75%$12.35
2nd halvingJuly 9th, 2016420,00012.5 BTC87.5%$650.53
3rd halvingMay 11th, 2020630,0006.25 BTC93.75%$8,821.42

What will happen after Bitcoin halving in 2024?

As the next Bitcoin halving approaches, the crypto community is rich with predictions about the potential impact. According to recent analyses cited by CoinGecko, many experts anticipate a bullish trend following the event. The reduction in the rate of new Bitcoin entering the market, coupled with increasing demand, could create a supply-demand imbalance that drives up Bitcoin's price.

Some experts believe that the halving could lead to increased volatility in the Bitcoin market. This volatility could present both challenges and opportunities for traders and investors.

Overall, the predictions for the 2024 Bitcoin halving are varied, with some experts expecting a significant price increase and others like J.P. Morgan caution against over-optimism and predict a significant downtrend in the price of Bitcoin. As the halving date approaches, the cryptocurrency community will watch closely to see how the market reacts.

While the exact date is yet to be confirmed, analysts and enthusiasts are closely monitoring the block height to estimate when the halving will occur.

Bitcoin halving dates history

Exploring the history of Bitcoin halving dates provides valuable insights into the evolution of this fundamental aspect of the cryptocurrency. The concept of halving was introduced by Satoshi Nakamoto as an integral component of Bitcoin's economic model to control its supply. 

The historical timeline of halving events, starting from the initial one in 2012, illustrates a consistent pattern of reducing block rewards, leading to a diminishing rate of new bitcoins entering circulation. This deliberate scarcity mechanism is central to Bitcoin's value proposition and the decentralization philosophy underpinning its design.

Each halving event has been a critical milestone, not just for crypto miners but for the entire crypto ecosystem. The accompanying fluctuations in Bitcoin's price have often captured the attention of investors and enthusiasts alike. Understanding the historical context of halving events allows crypto users to contextualize the significance of the 2024 halving within the broader narrative of Bitcoin's development. It provides a lens through which one can analyze patterns, draw comparisons, and gain a deeper appreciation for the economic principles shaping the world's first decentralized digital currency.

Will Bitcoin go up after halving?

The question of whether Bitcoin will experience a price surge after the 2024 halving is a topic that fuels discussions and debates among cryptocurrency enthusiasts and investors. While historical data indicates that significant price gains have followed previous halving events, it's crucial to approach such predictions with a large degree of caution. 

The crypto market is influenced by many factors, including market sentiment, macroeconomic conditions, regulatory developments, and technological advancements. Historically, the reduced rate of new bitcoin supply entering the market, coupled with increasing demand, has contributed to upward price trends. However, it's essential to recognize that past performance does not indicate future results. 

The maturation of the crypto market, evolving investor behavior, and the integration of cryptocurrencies into mainstream finance add layers of complexity to forecasting post-halving outcomes. Analysts and investors will closely monitor market indicators, sentiment shifts, and external influences to gauge whether the historical trend of price appreciation following halving events will persist in the dynamic and evolving crypto landscape.

What happens to Bitcoin miners?

The fate of Bitcoin miners is intricately tied to the dynamics of the halving events. When a halving occurs, mining rewards are halved, leading to a reduction in the number of newly minted bitcoins that miners receive for their efforts. This has a direct impact on the economics of mining operations, requiring miners to adapt to a lower reward structure. While this might pose challenges for some miners, the historical resilience of the mining community suggests that miners often find ways to navigate these changes.

One significant adaptation strategy for miners is the reliance on transaction fees as an increasingly important source of revenue. As the block reward diminishes, miners look to transaction fees to sustain their operations. The post-halving period shifts the balance between block rewards and transaction fees. 

The ability of crypto miners to continue operating profitably depends on the overall health and activity of the Bitcoin network. Miners may also explore efficiency improvements, technological upgrades, and strategic collaborations to maintain competitiveness in the evolving landscape. The interplay between halving events, miner behavior, and the broader crypto market dynamics adds a layer of complexity to the ongoing narrative of Bitcoin's decentralization and economic sustainability.

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Bitcoin halving FAQs

Here are answers to frequently asked questions about the Bitcoin halving in 2024 and when is the next Bitcoin halving.

How often is Bitcoin halved?

A Bitcoin halving occurs roughly every four years. As of 2023, three halvings have occurred, with the Bitcoin halving in 2024 expected in April.

What happens when Bitcoin is halved?

When a Bitcoin halving takes place, mining rewards are cut in half, which leads to a reduction in the rate of new Bitcoin entering the market. This process is expected to continue until the year 2140, when the final Bitcoin is mined.

Does Bitcoin halving increase price?

Nobody can predict price action in the crypto markets. That noted, historically Bitcoin halving events have been associated with significant price gains. Past Bitcoin halvings occurred in 2012, 2016, and 2020, and each one witnessed a notable surge in the price of Bitcoin in the months preceding and following the event.

Why is Bitcoin halving important?

National central banks carefully monitor and adjust the available supply of fiat currencies, which makes fiat such as the US Dollar notably inflationary. In contrast, the total supply of Bitcoin remains fixed and unchangeable. 

The maximum quantity of Bitcoin that will ever exist is approximately 21 million. At time of writing, over 19 million Bitcoins have already been mined, leaving less than 2 million yet to be created. The Bitcoin halving process periodically decreases the number of new coins earned by miners and ultimately results in a total fixed supply of Bitcoin coming into existence.

What happens when no Bitcoins remain after halving?

Once the maximum number of Bitcoins is created, there will be no further supply added. Bitcoin transactions will continue to aggregate into blocks and be processed, so Bitcoin miners will still be able to receive rewards, largely by way of transaction processing fees.

The total supply of Bitcoin isn’t expected to be mined until 2140, so it’s difficult to predict what the crypto landscape will look like then. If by 2140 the Bitcoin blockchain handles a substantial volume of transactions, Bitcoin miners may still be able to make a profit solely from transaction fees. 

In the future, Bitcoin may primarily function as a store of value (like gold) rather than for daily use. In this situation, miners could theoretically be profitable even with low transaction volumes by imposing higher transaction fees to handle large-value transactions or batches of transactions.

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Zac McClure
Zac McClureCo-Founder & CEO at TokenTax
Zac co-founded TokenTax after his career in international finance and accounting at JPMorgan, Imprint Capital and Bain. He has worked in more than half-dozen countries and received his MBA from the UPenn Wharton School.
Arthur Teller
Reviewed byArthur TellerCOO (Former) at TokenTax
Arthur came to TokenTax after 12 years at KPMG. A specialist in partnership taxation and enterprise tax software, he is a licensed CPA in both California and Illinois and a member of the AICPA.

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