The 2020 Guide to Crypto Tax in Canada
How crypto is taxed by the CRA in Canada: Learn how to properly report cryptocurrency on taxes in Canada.
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The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) has issued guidance that Canadian taxpayers are liable for taxes on crypto. Furthermore, crypt is not considered to be legal tender currency; rather, it is treated as a commodity.
Cryptocurrency is taxed in Canada as either capital gains or as income tax, depending on whether your activity with cryptocurrency is considered to be as a business or not.
The CRA states that a disposition of cryptocurrency results in taxable consequences. These dispositions, or taxable events, are as follows:
- Selling crypto for fiat, i.e. CAD
- Trading crypto for crypto
- Using crypto to buy goods or services
- Making a sale or gift of crypto
Canadian crypto taxpayers are required to use the adjusted cost basis, or average cost, for capital gains calculations. More specifically, the CRA states that the ACB is the cost of property, and that in the case of identical properties, you use the average cost of each property to determine your adjusted cost basis.
For example, if you have bought BTC at various prices, and you later sell this BTC, your cost basis will be the average cost of acquisition of those BTC purchases. This average cost basis is pooled per crypto asset, so each cryptocurrency will have its average cost basis.
You must determine whether your income from disposing of cryptocurrency is a business income or capital gain. The CRA describes signs of business activity as when you carry on activity for commercial reasons, with business-level planning, and execution, with intention to show a profit.
In particular, they note that if you are buying crypto with the intention to sell it as a profit, it may be business income. Examples they provide include “examples of cryptocurrency businesses” of “cryptocurrency mining / cryptocurrency trading.” Be sure to consult with a tax professional as to what your situation is.
This means that if you are trading crypto with the intention to make a profit, it is likely that you are liable for business income. But if you just bought crypto and used it to make payments or used it strictly as a hobby, then you are just liable for crypto capital gains.
With capital gains, only half of the capital gain (the “taxable capital gain”) is subject to tax. Capital losses can only offset other capital gains and cannot be used to reduce income. If you don’t have any gains to offset during the year or from the preceding three years, you can carry forward these capital losses to offset capital gains.
The CRA defines mining as using computers to confirm cryptocurrency transactions via mathematical problems — the typical proof of work mining / block confirmation mechanism. They acknowledge that mining can be either a personal activity, i.e. a hobby, or a business activity, depending on the case. Again, you should consult with a tax professional as to what your situation falls under.
TokenTax fully supports Canadian crypto tax. When you sign up for TokenTax, be sure to set your country as “Outside of the US.” You can also access this setting by clicking “Edit Tax and Filing Details” on your dashboard. This will set your account to use Average Cost basis.
You can also set your account’s fiat currency to CAD by choosing it from the currency picker dropdown near the top right of the dashboard.